Temporomandibular Joint Disorder: Causes and Symptoms

  Temporomandibular Joint Disorder: Causes and Symptoms

Today's post is authored by MedEq's Co-Founder, Nour Mahmoud

About 15% of American adults suffer from "chronic facial pain, such as jaw pain, headaches, or earaches. (1)" The hinge that connects your jaw to the temporal bones of your skull, which are in front of each ear is known as Temporomandibular joint (Webmd). It functions very differently from any other joint in the body. Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) which is commonly known as "TMJ" can refer to various conditions that have an effect on TM joints, jaw muscles, and facial nerves. It is more common in women than men along with those between the ages of 20.  TMD can occur when the jaw twists during opening, closing or side-motion movements (1).  The trigeminal nerve is the motor nerve for the jaw muscles, when these muscles are damaged it may disrupt the trigeminal nerve and cause TMJ disorder (4).

People with TMJ may experience certain symptoms that include: pain in or around the ear, headaches and necks aches, toothaches, jaw pain when chewing, biting or yawning, clicking or popping noises when opening the mouth and sensitive teeth when no other dental problems can be found (1).

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